Balkhash Perch fish, its habitats, characteristics, fishing methods.
The Balkhash Perch is extremely popular fighting sport and an excellent food fish in Russia. They make a wonderful catch for fishermen of all skill levels. They inhabit slow-moving, nearshore areas where moderate amounts of vegetation provide cover, food and protection, they feed on insect larvae, crustaceans, and small fish, zooplankton and other tiny aquatic organisms. Most fish are caught in early winter months during their spawning run in the upper tributaries where they are easier to catch.
A combination of understanding the fish and the techniques used to catch them will help you to hook more fish to the end of your line. Better knowing and understanding of the fish that you are trying to catch will make you a more successful angler, whether you are fishing for trout on a river or surfing on the beach or trolling on the open water.
Balkhash perch, Perca schrenki Kessler, family Percidae (Perch family), distributed in the system of rivers and lakes Balkhash and the Alakul. In Uzbekistan was introduced in the early 1960's from the Almaty pond with a young carp in Rybhoz "Damachi" (Tashkent region) and in Kattakurgan Reservoir.
It differs from the ordinary perch with more elongated body and light-colored body (up to 2 years of age has transverse bands). Also it differs from common perch of the lack of black spots on the end of the first dorsal fin and lateral dark bands in adult fish, a lower first dorsal fin, protruding lower jaw. The body is covered with scales of medium size (41-54 in lateral line). Their first dorsal fin is lower than usual perch. Adults reach a body length of 50 cm, weight 1.5 kg. Near the boundaries of its range Balkhash perch is crossed with an
European Perch, creating a hybrids in several lakes of Northern Kazakhstan.
Habitat and Habits
Perch live in a variety of conditions, as found in fast streams such as a river with up to 1.5 m / sec, or lower, and in heavily wooded lakes, overgrown ponds, which sometimes has an almost black color. They actively are developing areas overgrown with aquatic plants.
In Balkhash form 2 forms: coastal (slow growing) and pelagic (fast growing). Coastal perch is gregarious way of life, holding off in the bush, grows slowly, feeding on zooplankton, insect larvae.
Coastal perch is gregarious way of life, holding off in the bush, feed on zooplankton, insect larvae, benthos, grow slowly, at age 8 has a length of 12-15 cm, weight 25-50 g. Pelagic perch at this age reaches a length of 30-36 cm and weight 500-800 g, there are instances of the mass of more than 1 kg. By the nature of this type of food Balkhash perch is a predator, feeding on fish (mostly non-target and small species), on trout, the young of other species, but most often eat their own eggs and fry. When heating water for more than 20 °C, the intensity of the feeding perch is reduced, it moves away from the coast. In the autumn perch feed year's brood, a significant concentration in the coastal zone, but stops to eat in the winter.
Sexual maturity is reached in 2-4 years with a body length of 10 cm. They spawn in early spring, from late February to mid-March, even in April when water temperature reach 6-12 °C (usually 8-10 °C). In the Western part of Lake Balkhash spawning is mostly in April, in the Eastern part the spawning is mostly in May. Spawning mostly takes place in the last year's vegetation or rocky bottoms at depths of up to 50 cm, in fresh or brackish water, desalinated shallow water along the shoreline, as well as in the delta of Ili. It lasts from weeks to a month, produce from 4.000 to 220.000 eggs, diameter 0.7-1.1 mm. The usual sex ratio - 1: 7-8 in favor of females has changed during the years of population decline of up to 1: 24. It grows slowly, reaches a length of 50 cm and weight of 1.5 kg. Body length of 1-year fish - 6.9 cm, 2-year - 10-13, a 3-year - 13-17, 15-19, 4-5-year - 17-22 cm.
Baits for perch are minnows, or brandling, red, marsh, and lob worms, shrimps and artificial lures. The tackle should be fine but strong. Most fish are caught in early winter months during their spawning run in the upper tributary waters where they are very easy to catch. During the rest of the year, they inhabit a vast territory, a wide variety of habitats, are a schooling fish, and congregate near shore in the spring. They are also taken recreationally mainly because of their flavor and their desire to take a baited hook. Balkhash perch are most active during the daytime.
For best results, use a rod designed for light action with a casting or spinning reel. The single best bait is small size minnows. The smaller the minnow, the better. Artificial bait also work great.
Balkhash perch are commercial fish in Lake Balkhash, catching using nets. They caught and collected in salted, dried and frozen. Balkhash perch meat tastes like European Perch. It usually serves as the primary food of the universe pike-perch.
Great rods for Balkhash Perch fishing are:
15ft Telescopic Fishing Spinning Rod ,
21ft Telescopic Spinning Light Rod,
21ft Telescopic Carbon Pole rod,
18ft Telescopic Carbon Pole Rod,
24ft Telescopic Fishing Pole
Freshwater Fish Species
The Perch family species
Saltwater Fish Species