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Prussian Carp, its habitats, characteristics, fishing methods and techniques.

Goldfish were originally developed from domesticated Prussian carp in China over 1,000 years ago, when they were bred for color for display in ornamental ponds and watergardens. It is a medium-sized cyprinid, and does not exceed a weight of 6.6 pounds (3 kg) and a size of 45cm. They are usually silver, although other color variations exist. They are omnivorous and feed on plankton, invertebrates, plant material and detritus.
A combination of understanding the fish and the techniques used to catch them will help you to hook more fish to the end of your line. Better knowing and understanding of the fish that you are trying to catch will make you a more successful angler, whether you are fishing for trout on a river or surfing on the beach or trolling on the open water.
Prussian Carp Fishing The Prussian carp, (Carassius gibelio, or Carassius gibelio gibelio), is a member of the family Cyprinidae, the wild version of the goldfish (Carassius auratus), also known as Silver Prussian carp or Gibel carp. Originally from Asia (Siberia), they have been introduced to and are now inhabit lakes, ponds, and slow-moving rivers throughout Europe and Asia.

Description
    The Prussian carp is deep-bodied and plump, its shape most reminiscent of those of the Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and carp (Cyprinus carpio). Its sides and belly are pale yellow or silvery, rather than the golden yellow usually seen in Crucian carp. These two species also differ in the shape of their fins: the caudal (tail) fin of Crucian carp is straight, that of Prussian carp forked. The underside fins of a Crucian carp are reddish, while those of a Prussian carp are lighter in color. In Crucian carp the membrane lining the body cavity (the peritoneum) is light colored, while in Prussian carp it is almost black. Prussian carps have 39-59 gill rakers on the first gill arch.
    Young Prussian carps resemble young Goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus), as their sides are initially gold-colored. As they get older, they change, assuming a silver color. Juvenile Crucian carp (and tench) have a black spot on the base of the tail which disappears with age. In Prussian carp this tail spot is never present. A Prussian carp can grow to a length of 2025 cm and a weight 150 - 250 g in 5 years. The species has a maximum length of 45 cm and, in favorable conditions, can reach a weight of 23 kg.

Habitat and Habits
Prussian Carp lives mainly in reservoirs with flowing water in large rivers and lakes. In the cold season they hold, deep in the warm season are held mainly on well-warmed shallows. Under adverse conditions, such as drying or freezing of the lake, carp can burrow into the mud, spending all this time without the traffic and not eating. But as soon as raining or melt the ice, they get out of their hiding places and begin to lead an active lifestyle. They feed the same way as the lake, but his diet of vegetation and plankton organisms constitute a large share.

Spawning
Most of the Prussian carp are females. Eggs are fertilized (specifically, seeding sperm of Common carp), sperm only activate the egg, but in its development of male chromosomes do not participate and bisexual, reproduction, which is the usual way is often in the herds observed predominance of females over males, which account for 5 to 30%.
    Predominance of females are explained due to co-habitat in the reservoir both externally not distinguishable forms. If the population of males is 15%, the same proportion of female and bisexual forms, and the remaining 70% of the individuals are female homosexual form. The main reasons for the marked change in sex ratio are the provision of fish food and its quality, changing, in particular, under the influence of water pollution.
    Prussian carp is reproduction from 1, 5 to 3-4 months, from May to July. This is due to non-simultaneous maturing of spawning females and males. The time between laying eggs is about a month, but depending on the specific conditions it may be reduced to 10-15 days. Same-sex flocks of Prussian carp ordinary reproduce simultaneously with other fish species in the general spawning. Their females spawn with males of Common carp, tench, and some other fish. If an insufficient number of males get out eggs females may die.

Fishing Methods. Usually carp catch a float and bottom fishing rods. Also applicable spinning, if the fish are 20-30 yards from shore. At the fishing line attached float and a small sinker. Rod is not visible for the fish, but it does not drop the float guard. Carp are beginning to bite in the early spring at shallow depth. A good bite there until the spawning. Since its beginning, he stops biting and resumes after a few days after spawning. On hot sunny days, carp can eat around noon, always biting in the morning, from dawn, when caught, and very large individuals, as well as a couple of hours before sunset. In summer they sometimes stop to take the nozzle without any apparent reason. This is observed at a barely visible signs of bad weather, with a change of wind.
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